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Reformasi Birokrasi

Apa itu birokrasi? Mengapa birokrasi mesti direformasi? Apa kaitannya dengan kapasitas pemerintah? Bagaimana Reformasi Birokrasi dilakukan? Sejauh apa dampak Reformasi Birokrasi bagi kinerja pemerintah dan kepentingan warga-negara?

#NALAR mencoba mendalami gagasan mendasar di balik perlunya Reformasi Birokrasi dalam membangun negara modern.

Anda punya pendapat, pengalaman, atau masukan baik secara konseptual maupun praktis? Silakan sampaikan dalam kolom komentar di bawah.

REFERENSI:

  1. Sydney Lady Morgan (1818). Florence Macarthy. Henry Colburn. p. 35.
  2. John Stuart Mill (1861). “VI – Of the Infirmities and Dangers to which Representative Government is Liable”. Considerations on Representative Government.
  3. Woodrow Wilson (1887), “The Study of Administration”, Political Science Quarterly, July 1887
  4. Ludwig von Mises (1944). Bureaucracy.
  5. Robert K. Merton (1957). Social Theory and Social Structure. Glencoe, Free Press. pp. 195–206.
  6. Karl Marx (1970). Marx’s Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right (1843). Cambridge University
  7. Jaques Elliott (1976). A general theory of bureaucracy. London: Heinemann.
  8. “In Praise of Hierarchy”. Harvard Business Review. 1 January 1990.
  9. Charles Tilly (1985). “War making and state making as organized crime,” in Bringing the State Back In, eds P.B. Evans, D. Rueschemeyer, & T. Skocpol. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  10. Jeffrey Herbst (1990). “War and the State in Africa.” International Security, (1990): 117-139
  11. David Beetham (1996). Bureaucracy.
  12. Franz Wirl (1998). “Socio-economic typologies of bureaucratic corruption and implications”. J. Evolutionary Economics, 8(2):199–220.
  13. Christopher Hood (2000), The Art of the State: Culture, Rhetoric, and Public Management. Oxford University Press. p. 76.
  14. Liesbet Hooghe (2001). The European Commission and the integration of Europe: images of governance. Cambridge University Press. pp. 40–.
  15. Marshall Sashkin, Molly G. Sashkin (2003). Leadership that matters: the critical factors for making a difference in people’s lives and organizations’ success. Berrett-Koehler Publishers. p. 52.
  16. V Fritz, A.R. Menocal (2007). “Developmental states in the new millennium: Concepts and challenges for a new aid agenda”. Development Policy Review, 25(5):531–552.
  17. Charles T Call (2008). “The Fallacy of the ‘Failed State'”. Third World Quarterly, 29(8):1498.
  18. George Ritzer (2009). Contemporary Sociological Theory and Its Classical Roots: The Basics. McGraw-Hill. pp. 38–42.
  19. Tony Waters and Dagmar Waters (2015) “Bureaucracy” from Weber’s Rationalism and Modern Society: New Translations on Politics, Bureaucracy, and Social Stratification. Palgrave MacMillan.
  20. Noel D. Johnson, Mark Koyama(2017). “States and economic growth: Capacity and constraints”. Explorations in Economic History, 64(April):1–20.
  21. Elissa Berwick, Christia Fotini (2018). “State Capacity Redux: Integrating Classical and Experimental Contributions to an Enduring Debate”. Annual Review of Political Science, 21(May):71–91.
  22. Agnes Cornell, Carl Henrik Knutsen, Jan Teorell (2020). “Bureaucracy and Growth”. Comparative Political Studies, 53(14):2246–2282.
Producer: Yanuar Nugroho
DOP & editor: Vaizal Andrians
Art director: Hari Saptomo

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